Situated along the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean, the Republic of Ghana is home to a varied geography that includes savannas, woodlands, forests, a coastal line, cave systems, mountains, wildlife parks and nature reserves.
While Ghana's overall poverty rate has declined in recent years, the three regions in the north —the Ashanti Uplands, the Akwapim-Togo Ranges and the Volta Basin — have seen only a marginal decrease; with chronic food insecurity still a critical challenge. Dry savannah covers roughly two thirds of Ghana's northern territory and the northern plains are drought-prone and vulnerable to climate change.
Small-scale farmers in Ghana's poor rural areas have limited access to the assets that would facilitate a shift from low-productivity subsistence farming to modern, commercial agriculture. Major constraints to their livelihoods include lack of infrastructure and insufficient access to equipment, such as agricultural inputs and technology, and facilities for storing, processing and marketing products.
With few employment options available, many young men and women leave their villages for urban centers. This migration leads to an ageing and generally less dynamic population in rural areas. High rates of youth unemployment and social disparities heighten the dangers of social tension.
In regions like these, where economic opportunity is scarce, craft provides an extra source of income to families that can lift whole communities.
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